Most of the population are affected by prevalent diseases which affect the oral cavity mostly inflamed gums every now and then. Several diseases can affect the mouth, such as oral cancer, dental caries, Lichen Planus and, of course, periodontal disease with its variants. This review discusses gingivitis, a gum inflammation usually doesn’t cause any major problems at first but when left untreated it may lead to tooth damage. Later it may spread to other parts of the oral cavity, the term periodontitis is nothing but the inflammation in the periodontium the soft tissue and bone which is responsible to keep our tooth firm. As the time precedes, this periodontitis. May lead to loosen the teeth. This article also discusses the usage of buccal patches a novel delivery route for the treatment of red, swollen and bleeding gums of gingivitis.
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