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International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science

Vol. 5, Issue 1, Part A (2023)

Adherence to practice, management regulations, and quality improvement activities in community pharmacies in Bayelsa state and Rivers state, Nigeria

Author(s):

Timothy Gilbert Anthony, Owonaro Agala Peter, Joshua Funsho Eniojukan and Ismail Ayinla Suleiman

Abstract:

Community pharmacist had suffered more intrusions from allied health care professionals and non-health professionals in the fields of practice/or endeavor, in history and even lately. Efforts in improving on its tenets of practice in Nigeria are still at the seeding states. This study determines the extent of practice carried out in pharmacy administrative areas such as premises and structure, practice management and quality improvement domains in community pharmacies in Bayelsa State and Rivers States as at the year 2017. Of three hundred and thirty-seven (337) questionnaires distributed, three hundred and twelve (312) were successfully retrieved (92.58% response rate), and results were analyzed using SPSS VERSION 27. The study reveals involvement of more male pharmacists (161; 51.6%) most of whom are below age 30 (177; 56.7%) having B.Pharm (177; 56.7%) having 6 to 10 years’ experience (140; 44.9%) in self-owned premises (190; 60.8%) located mostly in Rivers States (172; 55.1%). There was a significant adherence to premises and structure regulations (p<0.0001, MWU=0.000, U'=196.00), and a significant positive trend (always, p<0.0001) in patient management (39.3%, KW=42.855, F=62.098, CFT=81.252). However, a significant negative trend “rarely” (p<0.0001) was observed in quality improvement (33.8%, KW=24.37, CFT 6.94). Community pharmacy practice is below the recommended standards in the two States. Interventions are strongly recommended on the failing trends of community pharmacy and community pharmacists to be encouraged and regulated on improving their practice.

Pages: 29-35  |  370 Views  127 Downloads


International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science
How to cite this article:
Timothy Gilbert Anthony, Owonaro Agala Peter, Joshua Funsho Eniojukan and Ismail Ayinla Suleiman. Adherence to practice, management regulations, and quality improvement activities in community pharmacies in Bayelsa state and Rivers state, Nigeria. Int. J. Pharm. Pharm. Sci. 2023;5(1):29-35. DOI: 10.33545/26647222.2023.v5.i1a.30
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