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International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science

Vol. 6, Issue 1, Part B (2024)

Assessing knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding antimicrobial resistance: Insights from a questionnaire-based study

Author(s):

Dr. Mohd Shakir Hussain and Dr. Ajit Kr Mishra

Abstract:

Introduction: Antibiotic resistance poses a grave threat, causing 700,000 deaths yearly, with the potential to reach 10 million by 2050. Overuse and self-medication exacerbate the issue UN and WHO advocate public education to enhance antibiotic use. Hospital Antibiotic Stewardship programs target optimized use. Understanding healthcare professionals' and patients' attitudes toward AMR is crucial for effective interventions.
Objectives: To assess the awareness and knowledge of AMR among patients and healthcare professionals. To understand the attitudes towards AMR and its perceived impact on public health. To evaluate the practices and behaviors related to antibiotic use. To identify challenges and opportunities in combating AMR.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study at a Rural Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital involved 244 participants (102 patients, 142 healthcare professionals) using Google Forms. The 21-question survey covered demographics, AMR awareness, antibiotic practices, attitudes, and challenges. Data analysis used SPSS 21.0, presenting descriptive statistics as frequencies and percentages.
Results: Study: Mostly 31-45 y/o, 64% male, 42% patients, 58% healthcare pros. 42% of patients are aware of AMR; pros follow guidelines. 67% of patients self-medicate, and many incomplete courses. Concerns on AMR, advocate stricter rules. Challenges: lack of resources (22%) and diagnostics (23%). Opportunities: enhance stewardship, education, and diagnostics.
Conclusion: Study on AMR views among mainly male 31-45 yo patients and healthcare pros. Patients lacked awareness and were self-medicated. Concerns on AMR, advocate stricter rules. Challenges: limited info, tools. Opportunities: improve stewardship, education, and engagement. Emphasizes the need for thorough AMR plans.

Pages: 110-115  |  53 Views  24 Downloads


International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science
How to cite this article:
Dr. Mohd Shakir Hussain and Dr. Ajit Kr Mishra. Assessing knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding antimicrobial resistance: Insights from a questionnaire-based study. Int. J. Pharm. Pharm. Sci. 2024;6(1):110-115. DOI: 10.33545/26647222.2024.v6.i1b.107
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